Aims.To review and strengthen the habits and attitudes that were formed in Grade I.

To make such specific additions as are suited to the increased age and ability of the child. While many of the devices suggested for Grade I. may be used in this grade with or without changes, there are many activities related to the adventure of learning to read which will help to impress health-consciousness on the growing child.

Time Allotment.Twelve minutes a day for regular health instruction and inspection, to be supplemented by correlative work in music, art, language, and reading.

I. The Outer Body and Cleanliness. (The asterisks indicate data added to

what was taught in Grade I.)

1. (a.) Parts of the Body: More obvious parts, as trunk, head, arms, hands, legs, feet, skin, nails, hair.

*(b.) Name parts of arms and legs; e.g., wrist, elbow, shin, etc.

2. The Skin.

(a.) Take a full bath at least once a week, but preferably daily.

(b.) Use individual towels.

*(c.) Wash frequently to remove waste material and to keep the pores open.

3. Face, Neck, Hands.

(a.) Wash face, neck, and ears at least once a day with warm water and soap.

(b.) Wash hands often, always before eating and after going to the toilet.

(c.) Keep the nails clean and properly trimmed. Do not bite the nails.

4. Teeth and Mouth.

(a.) Brush the teeth night and morning and after meals.

(b.) Have individual brush.

(c.) Visit the dentist regularly.

(d.) Take cod-liver oil during the winter months.

(e.) Keep fingers, coins, pencils, etc., out of the mouth.

(f.) Do not crack nuts or bite thread with the teeth.

*(g.) Leave no food particles in the mouth upon which harmful germs may


*(h.) Learn what foods make teeth grow strong and well shaped. Use them.

*(i.) Do not pick the teeth in public.

5. Nose.

(a.) Keep the nose clean.

(b.) Avoid sniffling.

(c.) Do not pick the nose.

(d.) Breathe through the nose.

(e.) Do not put objects into the nose.

(f.) Have a clean handkerchief every day. Know how to use it; blow

one nostril at a time, and not too forcibly (with the mouth slightly

open, otherwise harm may be done to the ears).

*(g.) Avoid harsh or hard blowing of the nose.

*(h.) Frequently adenoids become troublesome in this grade. Watch for

signs of them and consult a physician.

6. Hair.

(a.) Wash the hair frequently.

(b.) Keep the hair neatly combed, brushed, and cut.

7. Feet.

(a.) Keep the feet clean and dry.

(b.) Change stockings frequently.

(c.) Keep toe-nails trimmed.

(d.) See that feet are comfortable in shoes.

8. Eyes.

(a.) When reading or looking at pictures, make sure the light comes over

the left shoulder.

(b.) Hold the book up rather than the head down.

(c.) Do not rub the eyes excessively.

(d.) Have any foreign substance removed from the eye immediately. An

injury to the eye will handicap a person for life.

*(e.) Do not strain the eyes by reading or working in dim light.

*(f.) Many eye-defects are discovered in this grade. The teacher should be

alert and observe such and take proper measures to have them corrected.

9. Ears.

(a.) Keep the ears clean.

(b.) Wash behind the ears.

(c.) Do not pick the ears with pins or other hard substances.

(d.) Never strike another on the ears.

Suggested Activities.

1.      As outlined for Grade I.

2.      Scrap-books: Cut-out pictures and simple drawings used to make health


3. Project: Bath habits of birds and animals.

II. The Inner Body.

*1. Parts: Name and give the relative position of larger and more commonly mentioned organs, such as the heart, the lungs, the stomach.

2. Foods: What are foods?

Proper foods.

(a.) Drink milk and plenty of it; at least three glasses a day.

(b.) Eat some vegetables and fruit everyday.

(c.) Eat three regular meals a day. Sit down to eat. Eat slowly. Chew

food thoroughly.

(d.) Do not eat candy except after meal-time.

(e.) Be cheerful and happy during meals.

*(f.) Use milk everyday for strong bones, good teeth, and properly nour-

ished muscles.

(g.) (Meat or fish may be eaten at one meal.)

3. Water.

(a.) Drink at least four glasses of pure water daily. Drink slowly.

(b.) Use your own drinking-cup.

*(c.) Drink frequently but avoid washing down food.

*(d.) Avoid drinking excessively cold water when you are very warm.

4. Stimulants: Avoid use of coffee, tea, and alcoholic drinks, as they have no food value and contain elements harmful to development.

*5. Tobacco: Children should be instructed in harmful effects of tobacco in development.

6. Elimination.

(a.) Go to the toilet at a regular time each day.

(b.) Use the toilet properly.

(c.) Wash hands afterward.

(d.) Do not waste toilet-paper.

(e.) Do not loiter in the toilet.

Suggested Activities. (These may be also Science and Social Studies


1. As outlined for Grade I.

2. Play store with cut-out foods.

3.Model vegetables and fruits.

4.Paper-cuttingvegetables and fruits.

5.Projectplan a garden.

6.Planting a narcissus. Telling the children it has come to school to teach us

three lessons. It says, Drink a great deal of water, always try to grow straight, and reach up to the sunlight. The children will enjoy watching to see how it keeps these rules.

7. When playing store the children like this game for a change :

I want to buy some sunshine for my children. It comes in a long orange

package with a green top.

Storekeeping: You want some carrots.

No.2.: I would like some iron. It must be fresh and green.

S.K.: You want some spinach.

No.3.: I want some strong bones for my baby. I want a whole quart.

S.K.: You want a quart of milk.

8. Showing that eating raw carrots and cabbage lakes strong teeth if the chewing process is thorough.

III. Clothing.

1. Keep the clothes clean, especially those worn next the skin. Change frequently.

2. Wear wraps and rubbers when needed. Be sure to remove these when you go into the house or school.

3. Remove damp clothing as soon as possible.

4. Be sure that all clothing, particularly shoes and stockings, fits properly and does not restrict freedom of limbs or of the body.

5. When clothing is removed at night, hang it where it will air.

6. Cultivate an attitude of appreciation for the clothes which parents provide.

IV. Surroundings.

1. Clean feet before entering room.

2. Remove wraps and rubbers and dispose of them in proper place.

3. Keep floors and desk clean.

4. Know the value of the waste-paper basket.

5. Take proper care of books and supplies.

6. Take pride in helping to care for the class-room, the grounds, and the home.

*7. Increase the childs sense of responsibility for his surroundings, so that he:

(a.)  Willingly and cheerfully shares in the work of keeping the room and

school-grounds clean.

(b.) Refrains from throwing papers and other trash on the ground.

(c.)  Is careful not to deface or soil his books.

V.    Sleep, Rest, and Relaxation.

1. Wash hands, face, neck, and ears before retiring.

2. Brush the teeth.

3. Remove all day-clothing.

4. Sleep twelve hours in a clean room, without a light and with windows open.

5.Have sufficient bedclothes to keep you warm, but let them be light in weight.

6. Relax during play-hours.

*7. Sleep by yourself if possible.

*8. Do not cover your face. Sleep without a pillow or with a very small one.

*9. Get in the habit of going to sleep as soon as you retire.

Suggested Activities.

1. As outlined for Grade I.

2.Construction: Make a large clock with pictures on it for every hour of the

childs day. There should be one for afternoon and one for forenoon.

3.Having the children study their pets and their sleeping habits.

4.Having the children make a dolls bed of a shoe or a match-box, equipping it

with the proper bedding. Putting the doll to bed to show proper preparation for bed and the correct sleeping posture.

VI. Exercise and Posture.

1. Play and work are both necessary for physical and mental development, and as much as possible should be in the sunshine and fresh air.

2. Some regular work should be required of every child daily.

3.Children should sit, stand, and walk erect.

4.Learn not to put hands in pockets.

VII. Fresh Air and Sunshine.

1. Children should play outdoors in sunshine every day.

2.They should be taught to love the outdoors, to enjoy the sunshine, to work or play in the midst of growing things.

*3. They should know there should be as much sunshine and fresh air as possible in the class-room.

*4. They should know best time to play outside and how long one should play.

*5. They should know that no one should breathe in the face of another.

VIII. Healthful Living.

1. Avoid contagion in the interests of community health. Do not be a carrier of disease or dirt. Heed carefully all quarantine regulations.

2. Prevent disease by cleanliness, sanitation, and avoiding contagion. (Children should be taught that to be healthy is a duty (a) to themselves, (b) to those with whom they come in contact.)

*3.Be public health-minded.


(a.) Play in the home yard or playground.

(b.) Look both ways before crossing street.

(c.)Know own name and address and parents names and address in case of

being lost.

(d.)Avoid playing with fire or matches.

(e.)Avoid playing with sharp-pointed instruments; e.g., scissors.

*(f.)Avoid riding on running-boards of cars.

*(g.)Refrain from teasing animals.

*(h.)Know own telephone numbers.

IX. Mental Hygiene.

1. Be happy and cheerful at home and at play.

2. Practise self-control and self-reliance.

3. Have a sense of fairness in play and games.

4. Overcome unnecessary fears.

5. Cultivate kindness to playmates and animals.

6. Lean obedience.

*7. Control your temper.

*8. Control your time, study, play, work.

*9. Do not insist unduly upon having your own way with your playmates.